Jaskinie - The Caves, issue 13

Jaskinie - The Caves, issue 13 (6/1998)

Exploration of Yanzi Dong cave in China
Exploration of Yanzi Dong cave in China, Photo Peter Holoubek


The state of knowledge about karst caves in the Sudetes

Presently 55 caves of karst origin are known in the Sudetes. The total length of them reaches 5253 m.

New non-karstic caves in the Sudetes

In 1997 two new caves of non-karstic origin were surveyed in the Gory Walbrzyskie (Sudetes). They are developed in ryolitic rocks along fissures which were widened due to gravitation. The longer cave called Jaskinia Podluzna Szczelina is 63 m long and 36 m deep.

entrance of Cave in Laski

A cave in calcareous tufa near the village of Laski

The latest research has revealed that a known cave situated near the village of Laski (the Jura) is developed in calcareous tufa. This is probably the only one cave of this type in Poland. The cave is about 8 m long.

Goszczynski's cave entrance

New caves in the Gorce Mts.

14 new caves were discovered and surveyed in the Gorce Mts. (the Beskidy Mts.). The caves are of non-karstic origin. They are developed in flysch deposits. The longest cave - Jaskinia Goszczynskiego is 20 m long. At present 27 caves are known in the Gorce Mts.

Awards for cavers

Cavers who participated in the creation of a new cave depth record (linking PL-2 to Lamprechtsofen) received awards from the Polish sport authorities.

Polish divers in Cassis Yacht Port

Polish Activity abroad

Cassis once again

A seven-man team of cave divers led by Wiktor Bolek carried out training activity in the Cassis area (southern France). The main goal of the team was le Bestouan cave. Very hard conditions in the cave caused by strong rains hindered the diving. Finally, Wiktor Bolek covered the distance of more than 600 m in the sump.

More pictures in the article about this event (in polish)

Mountain hotel near Edelweis peak

In the web of Red Spider

An 11 - man team from Zagan and Walbrzych led by Halina Zyzanska carried out exploration in the eastern part of the Tennengebirge massif (the Northern Calcareous Alps, Austria). Cave labeled P-19 and called Czerwony Pajak (Red Spider) was the main goal of the expedition. The cave entrance is situated at the level of 1750 m on the slopes of Klein Grieskogel. The cave has been known for 19 years. Several new passages were explored in I995, 1996 and I997. In 1998 the cave was deepened to about -370 m. The explored passage was extremely narrow. Other new and very wide series was also discovered. It probably leads towards the surface, maybe to the second cave entrance. It is worth mentioning that Red Spider entirely differs from other caves situated in the same area which are typical vertical caves without any horizontal series.

Mogots near Wenshan town

China - the explorers' Eldorado

Three Slovak cavers visited China at the turn of 1997 and 1998. They carried out exploration in the Yunnan province. The main areas of expedition activity were the northern part of Yunnan near the town of Zhongdian and the southern part near the towns of Guangnan and Wenshan. A high alpine karst massif was observed in the former. In authors' opinion it is a very promissing goal for further exploration. The potential vertical extent of karst caves can reach about 3 000 m there. The cavers also visited the famous canyon called Leaping Tiger Gorge, where the Yangtsy river cuts across a high mountain range. The vertical extent between the canyon bottom and surrounding peaks reaches about 4 000 m. Some parts of the canyon are developed in karstic rocks. The Slovak cavers also visited a karst upland in the vicinity of Guangnan where they registered several cave entrances. They explored one cave 157 m long and 48 m deep. Other caves were explored near Wenshan. Yanzi dong cave (Swallow cave) is the longest. Its length reaches 3189 m. A big river (400 l/s) flows along the cave which terminates in a sump. The whole cave was explored during only one trip. Other caves were explored nearby. They probably form one genetic karst system.

Travertine spring near Sanba
Travertine spring near Sanba, Photo Peter Holoubek

In Gouffre Berger

Gouffre Berger 1998

The authors describe a trip to Gouffre Berger. Several cavers from Bielsko-Biala took part in the camp organized in Vercors massif by Speleo-Club de Chilly-Mazarin from Paris. Two cavers from Bielsko-Biala reached the final sump in Gouffre Berger, nine other cavers the "dry" bottom of the cave. Cueves de Sassenage was visited as well.

The Jura

In Ciesenc cave

Some details about Ciesenc cave

The history of discovery and exploration of Ciesenc cave is presented in the text. Author characterizes the value of the cave and its importance for further scientific research (e.g. numerous bones, several generations of speleothems) and appeals to cavers visiting this cave for its careful protection.

Ciesenc map

The survey of Ciesenc cave

The survey of Ciesenc cave was carried out in October. It proved that the cave length is 245 m and vertical extent 22.4 m.

Ciesenc map, click for bigger version

Typical vertical canyon


A mini guide-book for canyoning

The author characterizes canyons situated in the surroundings of Grenoble (the Vercors, the Chartreuse and the Belladonna massifs), in southern parts of the Central Massif (Sevennes, Ardeche) as well as in the Ecrin Massif. She gives some tips and hints concerning personal clothing, equipment, cactics, as well as dangers of canyoning.

The cavers' manual

It is the second part of a guide for caving beginners. The text describes ropes, plaquettes and other cave equipment.

Drawing of Dziura cave made by Steczynski in 1860


Caves in the Tatra Mts. in the works of. B. Z. Steczynski - part II

B. Z. Steczynski visited the Tatra several times during the last century. About IO caves were known to him. The author quotes an extensive part of the poem written by Bogusz Zygmunt Steczynski in 1860. The poem deals with his visit to Dziura cave (The Hole). Steczynski drew an illustration presenting the interior of Dziura cave. It is one of the earliest illustrations depicting Tatra caves.

Jacek Duleba, Krzysztof Baran, Andrzej Ciszewski, Michal Gradzinski, Piotr Kulbicki, Wojciech Radecki, Mariusz Szelerewicz
This HTML-version: Dariusz Bartoszewski
Editioral address (main):
ul. Ehrenberga 36a 31-309 Krakow, Poland e-mail: szelerewicz@ceti.pl
Internet edition:
e-mail: dbart@panda.bg.univ.gda.pl WWW: panda.bg.univ.gda.pl/~dbart

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